Apartheid as the main drive
The apartheid system created a different historical situation in the South Africa, but can we say it effectuated xenophobia?
Merely, like fascism which once appeared in the former Portugal colonies, the apartheid system created a sense of class consciousness and an endeavour for dominance among the people of lower classes. Its disintegration was slowly masked by the cessation of the cold war. Now, it was during the apartheid epoch that citizenship and legal documentation were limited offers to the lower classes (black migrants in particular), despite the fact that the apartheid government had allowed migrant labourers from as far as Malawi to join the South African miners since the mineral revolution. For this percentage of the population, even during the apartheid, their mistreatment, especially amongst their black counterparts, continued to be a problem. Government reforms and operations, after the apartheid system, tried to solve the incessant immigrant influx into South Africa. But, that was often done with a tendency of classism and hatred. The migrants just like black in apartheid South Africa are now treated with an intense wave of dislike. In 2000 the first xenophobic case was first recorded. South Africa, just like during the apartheid period, is still a region’s economic superpower. It thus remained a tradition to some foreigners to rely on South Africa on many aspects of life.
The real Causes
- The South African government is failing to meet the demands of the people.
- Unequal distribution of economic gains that existed during the apartheid are still existing in some marginal areas |the downfall of apartheid liberated the majority politically and never economically, most of the whites dominates the economic circles. At least 10% of the most recognised investments are controlled by the blacks.
- But why blacks (South Africans) are fighting blacks (foreigners)? It seems the intruders are taking the little available for the black South Africans
- Most of the violence is ubiquitous in the most of the informal high-density settlements, and thus how the real causes become a bit complex.
- The government offers social grants, including free housing projects and these are no longer enshrouding, fully, the South Africans because of an incessant inflow of the intrudersᅳ the refugees. This is a menace to the original South African people and their only effective solution is to strangulate the migrants economically.
- If 8 million is the actual figure of the refugees in South Africa as some sources assert, the regions of origins should surely accept to carry this blame.
- These distinct flows occur at the background of political instability, economic collapse in Zimbabwe, and civil wars in Somalia and Mozambique.
- Much of the migration from the closest neighbouring countries is circularᅳ shoppers and traders move back and forth.
How xenophobic violence is understood?
- Police and the government considers xenophobic attacks as one of the criminal activities |2008 violence.
- Thabo Mbeki (the former S.A president) denied that this form of violence is xenophobia rather it is a criminal aligned violence.
- The government and the police are getting along with the perpetrators of the violence. Mido Macia, a 28-year-old Mozambican was dragged to death by the police.
- An apartheid vertigo, a new pathology, the dark side of democracy, evidence of the demonic nature of South Africa.
- There is a lack of data on the migration flows into S.A, estimates ranges from 1 million to 8 million. In 2008, Zimbabweans in South Africa, both temporal and permanent migrants, reached a 3 million estimate. Thus it becomes an improper move to blame the South African government and its peopleᅳ the immigration rate is so high for the country to withstand.